Bibliographic Entries Country/Region Key Terms

Alvaro J. Riascos and Juan F. Vargas. “Violence and Growth in Colombia: A Brief Review of the Literature.” Economics of Peace and Security Journal 6, no. 2 (2011): 15-20.

Colombia, South America, Latin America (economic) consequences of criminality/crime, economic growth, effects of violence

Amanda Perry. "An Ideal Legal System for Attracting Foreign Direct Investment? Some Theory and Reality." American University International Law Review 15, no. 6 (2000): 1627-1657.

Sri Lanka, South Asia foreign direct investment, FDI, international development and legal systems, good governance

Amartya Sen. Development As Freedom. New York: Knopf, 1999.

development, contemporary economic development

Amnesty International. "Senegal: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review." UPR Working Group of the human rights Council, Fourth Session, February 2009.

Senegal, Africa human rights, human rights violations

Amnesty International. Acts of Torture by Guyanese Police Must Be Punished. 2009.

Guyana, Africa police violence, police abuse

Amnesty International. Amnesty International Report 2009: The state of the world's human rights. London, UK: Amnesty International Publications, 2009.

human rights, human rights violations, arbitrary arrest, pretrial detention, violence against women and girls, gender-based violence

Amnesty International. Cameroon: Impunity underpins persistent abuse. London, UK: Amnesty International Publications, 2007

Cameroon, Africa human rights, human rights violations

Amnesty International. Insecurity and Indignity: Women’s Experiences in Slums in Nairobi, Kenya. London. Amnesty International. (2010). Web. Available online at

Kenya, Africa women and violence, gender-based violence, violence against women, violence and abuse, Millennium Development Goals, human rights

Amnesty International. Making Violence Against Women Count: Facts and figures - a summary. London: Amnesty International, 2004.

violence against women, gender-based violence, sexual violence

Amnesty International. Senegal: Land of impunity. London, UK: Amnesty International Publications, 2010. Web. Available online at

Senegal, Africa human rights, human rights violations, culture of impunity

Amnesty International. The Gender Trap: Women, violence and poverty. London, UK: Amnesty International, 2009.

women and poverty, gender-based violence, violence against women, inequality and women, property rights, land rights

Amnesty International. The Time for Justice is Now - New Strategy Needed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. London: Amnesty International Ltd. 2011.

Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa justice system reform, comprehensive justice strategy, donor programs, rule of law, military and law enforcement, access to justice, legal empowerment

Amnesty International. Violence Against Women: A fact sheet. New York: Amnesty International, 2005. Web Access:

gender-based violence, violence against women, sexual violence, sexual abuse

Amnesty International. “Impunity – violence unchecked and unpunished.” It’s in our Hands: Stop Violence Against Women. Amnesty International. London: Amnesty International Publications. (2004) Available online at:

violence against women, gender-based violence, sexual violence/abuse, human rights violations

Amnesty International. “Rape: The Silent Weapon.” Amnesty International (2006). Web. Available online at

Nigeria, Africa violence against women, gender-based violence, police abuse of power, human rights violations, rape and sexual violence

Amy J. Cohen. “Thinking with Culture in Law and Development.” Buffalo Law Review 57, no. 2 (2009): 511-585.

rule of law, history of rule of law, culture change, values change, relationship between rule of law and culture

Andrea L. Smith. "Citizenship in the Colony- Naturalization Law and Legal Assimilation in the 19th Century Algeria." Political and Legal Anthropology Review 19, no. 1 (1996): 33-50.

Algeria, Africa colonial legal legacy, French colonial rule, globalization

Andrea M. Bertone. “Transnational Activism to Combat Trafficking in Persons.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs 10, no. 2 (2004): 9-22.

trafficking, labor trafficking, sex trafficking, international intervention, transnational intervention

Andrés Villarreal and Bráulio F. A. Silva. “Social Cohesion, Criminal Victimization and Perceived Risk of Crime in Brazilian Neighborhood.” Social Forces 84, no. 3 (2006): 1725-1753

Brazil, South America, Latin America social cohesion, public trust, community characteristics, risk of victimization, violence, risk perception

Andrew Morrison and Bernice van Bronkhorst. Brazil Crime, Violence and Economic Development in Brazil: Elements for Effective Public Policy. World Bank Report No. 36525-BR, (June) 2006

Brazil, South America, Latin America crime and violence, violence against women, youth violence, everyday violence, cost of crime and violence, criminal justice reform, police reform, criminal justice approach, cost effectiveness of violence prevention programs, integrated/holistic approach

Andrew V. Papachristos, Tracey L. Meares, and Jeffrey Fagan. "Attention Felons: Evaluating Project Safe Neighborhoods in Chicago." Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 4, no. 2 (2007): 223–272.

Project Safe Neighborhood initiatives, PSN, neighborhood-level crime, crime interventions, individual deterrence, normative change of offender behavior

Andy Summer. “Where Will the World’s Poor live? An Update on Global Poverty and the New Bottom Billion.” Working Paper 305. Center for Global Development, (September 13, 2012). Available online at

extreme poverty, global poverty, low-income countries, middle-income countries

Aneel Karnani. “Microfinance Needs Regulation.” Philanthropy News Digest. October 31, 2011. Web. Available online at

microloan, microfinance, microcredit, consumer exploitation, transparency

Anna A. del Frate and Angela Patrignani. Women's Victimisation in Developing Countries. Rome, IT: United Nations Crime and Justice Research Institute, 1995.

gender and violence, gender-based violence against women, victimization, violence against women in the developing world, developing world, female victims of crime, sexual and domestic violence

Anna Kross and Harold Grossman. “Magistrates' Courts of the City of New York: History and organization.” Brooklyn Law Review 7, no. 2 (1937): 133-179.

New York, United States, North America historical legal systems, role of the courts, corruption, public trust, poor men's courts, British legal legacy, colonial legacy

Anna Richards and Henry Smith. “Addressing the Role of Private Security Companies within Security Sector Reform Programmes.” Journal of Security Sector Management 5, no.1 (2007)., accessed October 30, 2007.

privatization of security

Anne M. Moore, Kofi Awusabo-Asare, Nyovani Madise, Johannes John-Langba, and Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme. “Coerced First Sex among Adolescent Girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: Prevalence and Context.” African Journal of Reproductive Health 11.3 ( 2007 ). Web. Available online at

Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa sexual coercion, forced sex, reproductive health

Anne Thurston. Fostering Trust and Transparency Through Information Systems. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.

economic performance, government accountability, anti-corruption efforts, legal and judicial reform, information systems, records management

Anne-Marie Leroy. “Legal Note on Bank Involvement in the Criminal Justice Sector.” Washington, DC: The World Bank (2012 ). Web. Available online at

good governance, criminal justice sector reform, crime and violence as development issues

Anneke Van Woudenberg. A New Era for Congo? New York: human rights Watch, 2006.

Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa democracy, democratization, conflict situation, human rights, human rights violation

Annette Hubschle. “Crime and Development: A contentious nexus?” African Security Review 14, no. 4 (2005): 1-3.

Africa relationship between crime and development, effect of crime on development, landscape on crime and development, theory of development

Anthony Wanis-St. John. “Implementing ADR in Transitioning States: Lessons Learned from Practice.” Harvard Negotiation Law Review 5 (2000).

rule of law, rule of force, ROL, alternative dispute resolution, ADR, transitioning states

Anton Pestana. "Community Information Networks: The KwaMashu gang monitoring project." in Crime Prevention Partnerships, Eric Pelser, ed. Pretoria, ZA: Institute for Security Studies, 2002: 81-87.

human rights, violence, gang violence, crime prevention

Antonio Estache and David Martimort. Politics, transaction costs, and the design of regulatory institutions. Washington, DC: World Bank, Economic Development Institute, Regulatory Reform and Private Enterprise Division, 1999.

New Regulatory Economics, accountability, transaction costs

Antonio M. DeCosta. “Localising the Millennium Development Goals on the foundation of the rule of law.” Address to the 4th World Urban Forum, Nanjing, China, November 4, 2008. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime:

China, Asia Millennium Development Goals, rule of law, urbanization, urbanization and development, human security, harmonious urbanization

Antonio R. Andres and Dr. Carlyn Ramlogan-Dobson. “Is Corruption Really Bad for Inequality?: Evidence from Latin America.” Journal of Development Studies 47, no. 7 (2011): 959-976.

Latin America, Central Africa corruption and income equality

Antonio T. Carpio. “Judicial Reform in the Philippines.” Central Luzon Regional Convention of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines. (June 29, 2012). Speech. Web. Available online at

Philippines, Southeast Asia judicial reform, criminal justice reform, integrity of the judiciary, accountability and transparency, court efficiency, judicial training

Anwar Shah and Mark Schacter. "Combating Corruption: Look before you leap." Finance and Development 4 (2004): 40-43.

corruption, drivers of corruption, rule of law, institutional accountability, transparency, citizen empowerment, economic policy reform

Anyopeuh S. Munzu. "Cameroon's Search for a Uniform Legal System-The Example of Criminal Justice." African Journal of International and Comparative Law 2 (1989): 46.

Cameroon, Africa colonial legal legacy, criminal justice reform

April Bang. “ASJ Assassination Briefing.” International Justice Mission, Notes, 2005.

Honduras, South America corruption, privatized security

April Bang. “Social Cost of Workarounds to the public justice systems.” International Justice Mission, Notes, 2005.

public justice systems, human rights, alternative dispute resolution, informal justice systems, privatization of security, customary law

Arksal Salim. “The Influential Legacy of Dutch Islamic Policy on the Formation of Zakat (ALMS) Law in Modern Indonesia.” Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal Association 15, no. 3 (2006): 683-702.

Indonesia, Southeast Asia colonial legacy, colonial policy effect on modern government

Arturo Escobar. “Development, Violence and the New Imperial Order.” Society for International Development 1011-6370/04 47, no. 1 (2004): 15-21.

violence as a component of development, development relationship with modernization, development relationship with dislocation and destruction of culture

Arturo S. Bronstein. “Labour law reform in Latin America: Between state protection and flexibility.” International Labour Review 136, no. 1 (1997): 5-26.

South America, Latin America, Central America, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Panama, Peru labor laws, labor laws reform, protectionist labor laws

Aruna Kashyap. No Tally of the Anguish: Accountability in maternal health care in India. New York: human rights Watch, 2009.

India, South Asia maternal health care, women's health, health care accountability, access to health care, international human rights law

Arvind Ganesan. Transparency and Accountability in Angola: An update. New York: human rights Watch, 2010.

Africa, Angola corruption; government reform

Ashley Getz. “Justice for the Poor: A World Bank Initiative.” International Justice Mission, Notes, 2005.

Indonesia, Southeast Asia justice reform, good governance, sustainable development

Ashraf Ghani and Clare Lockhart. Fixing Failed States: A framework for rebuilding a fractured world. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.

state-building, social trust/support, strategy development and implementation

Asian Development Bank. Law and Policy Reform, Report from the ADB Symposium on Challenges in Implementing Access to Justice Reforms. Asian Development Bank (2005). Web. Available online at

access to justice, legal reform, judicial reform, police/law enforcement reform, accountability

Asm Shahjahan. “Improving the Police’s Role and Performance in Protecting Human and Economic Security.” Police Reform: A Bangladesh Concept. Report from the ADB Symposium on Challenges in Implementing Access to Justice Reforms. Asian Development Bank (2005), Web. Available online at

Bangladesh, South Asia, Asia police reform, law enforcement reform, police effectiveness and accountability