Bibliographic Entries Country/Region Key Terms

Associated Press. “Congo Army Colonel Guilty of Ordering Mass Rape on New Year’s Day.” The Guardian, February 21, 2011. Web. Online at

Congo, Africa human rights violations, crimes against humanity, mass rape, violence against women, gender-based violence

Aymo Brunetti, Gregory Kisunko, and Beatrice S. Weder. Institutional obstacles to doing business: region-by-region results from a worldwide survey of the private sector; background paper for World development report 1997. Washington, DC: World Bank, Office of the Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, Development Economics, 1997.

corruption effect on entrepreneurship, corruption and lack of/weak infrastructure obstacles for business

B. D. Gushulak and D. W. MacPherson. "Health issues associated with the smuggling and trafficking of migrants." Journal of Immigrant Health 2, no. 2 (2000): 67-78.

trafficking, public health

B. House-Midamba. "Legal Pluralism and Attendant Internal Conflicts in Marital and Inheritance Laws in Kenya." Africa: Rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione dell'Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente 49, no.3 (1994): 375-392.

Kenya, Africa colonial legacy, women's rights, property rights, land rights

B. K. Sinha. "Draft National Policy for Rehabilitation: Objectives and Principles." Economic and Political Weekly 31, no. 24 (1996): 1453-1460.

colonial legacy, displacement

B. Kercher. An Unruly Child: A History of Law in Australia. St. Leonards, AU: Allen and Unwin, 1995.

Australia history of law, development of the criminal justice system in Australia

B. Mohanty. "Displacement and Rehabilitation of Tribals." Economic and Political Weekly 40, no. 13 (2005): 1318-1320.

colonial legacy, displacement

Bar and Bench News Network. “Pending Litigations 2010: 32,225,535 Pending Cases; 30% Vacancies in High Courts: Government Increases Judicial Infrastructure Budget by Four Times.” Bar and Bench (June 3, 2011). Web. Available online at

India, South Asia judicial infrastructure, court case backlog, pending litigations

Barry Godfrey and Graeme Dunstall. Crime and Empire 1840-1940: Criminal justice in local and global context. Portland, OR: Willan Publishing, 2005.

policing reform, penal policy, history of punishment, crimes of violence, colonial legal legacy, crime and crime control, historical legal/criminal justice systems

Barry R. Weingast. "The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development." The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 11, no. 1 (1995): 1-31.

England, United States, China, Asia limited government, good governance, economic and political rights, federalism and economic development

Basil Fernando and Terrence Wickremasinghe. “Cambodia: An absence of genuine courts a fundamental obstacle to democracy in Cambodia.” human rights Solidarity 7, no. 7 (1997).

Cambodia, Southeast Asia criminal justice system, democracy, court structure, judicial structure, independence judiciary

Beate Andrees and Patrick Belser. Forced Labor: Coercion and Exploitation in the Private Economy. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers (2009).

forced labor, government policy, slave labor, human trafficking, crimes against humanity, debt bondage, bonded labor

Beaty Naudé, Johan Prinsloo, and Anastasios Ladikos. Experiences of Crime in Thirteen African Countries: Results from the International Crime Victim Survey. Turin, IT: UNICRI-UNODC, 2006.

Africa crime trends in Africa

Benjamin Petrini. “Domestic Violence Dataset: 1982–2007.” 2010. Web.Available online at

domestic violence, sexual violence, sexual violence against women

Benjamin van Rooij. “Bringing Justice to the Poor: Bottom-up legal development cooperation.” Hague Journal on Rule of Law 4, no. 2 (2012): 286-318.

bottom-up approach to legal development, legal interventions and the poor, rule of law paradigm

Bernadette Atuahene. "Land Titling: A mode of privatization with the potential to deepen democracy." Saint Louis University Law Journal 50, no. 3 (2006): 761-781.

land titling, democracy, the poor and property, the poor and land ownership, privatization and land titling

Bernice van Bronkhorst and Gabriel Demombynes. Crime and Violence in Central America. Washington, DC: World Bank Report, 2010.

Central America, Latin America criminal justice reform, public policy for reducing crime/violence, crime and violence as a development issue, public cost of crime and violence, integrated citizen security approach, public health approach, criminal justice system accountability, integrated public policy for violence and crime prevention, youth violence

Bertram H. Raven. “The Bases of Power: Origins and Recent Developments.” Journal of Social Issues 49, no. 4 (1992): 227-251.

power, power bases, influencing factors, values and norms

Bill Dixon. "'Not rocket science': Evaluating crime prevention." in Crime Prevention Partnerships, Eric Pelser, ed. Pretoria, ZA: Institute for Security Studies, 2002: 89-102.

South Africa, Africa evaluating crime prevention programs, crime prevention

Bill Dixon. “Development, crime prevention and social policy in post-apartheid South Africa.” Critical Social Policy 26, no. 1 (2006): 169-187.

South Africa, Africa crime prevention and social policy, definition of "social policy for development", integrated view of police, criminalization of social policy

Bonny Ibhawoh. "Historical globalization and colonial legal culture: African assessors, customary law, and criminal justice in British Africa." Journal of Global History 4 (2009): 429–451.

Africa criminal justice system, colonial legacy, globalization, historical globalization, customary law, colonial English law

Boris Wilke, Jochen Hippler, and Muhammad Z. Zakar. “Violence Research from North Africa to South Asia: A Historical and Structural Overview.” International Journal of Conflict and Violence 5, no. 1 (2011): 32-54.

North Africa, West Asia, South Asia political violence, youth violence, domestic and gender-based violence, everyday violence, everyday violence, colonial legacy, historical context of violence

Bott, Morrison and Ellsburg. Preventing and responding to gender-based violence in middle and low income countries: a global review and analysis. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.

gender-based violence, sexual violence, violence against women

Bourguignon. “Crime, Violence and Inequitable Development.” 1999. Web Access:

development, development and violence, development and crime

Br. Xavier Plassat . “Brazil Slave Labor: Hero Honored for Battling human trafficking.” Interview by Catholic Relief Services. June 15, 2010. Web. Available online at

Brazil, South America, Latin America anti-human trafficking, slave labor, modern slavery, root causes of slavery

Branko Milanovic. The Haves and The Have-Nots; A Brief and Idiosyncratic History of Global Inequality. New York: Basic Books, 2011.

poverty, poverty and inequality, history of inequality

Brendan Howe and Kearrin Sims. “Human Security and Development in the Lao PDR: Freedom from fear and freedom from want.” Asian Survey 51, no. 2 (2011): 333-355.

Lao People's Democratic Republic, Southeast Asia human development and human security, holistic approach, social inequality, underdevelopment, post-conflict, freedom from fear, freedom from want

Brett J. Kyle and Andrew G. Reiter. “Dictating Justice: Military courts, human rights trials, and judicial reform in Latin America.” Paper presented at the 67th Midwest Political Science Association Conference, Chicago, IL, April 2, 2009.

Colombia, Guatemala, Latin America, Central America, South America military courts, human rights trials, rule of law

Brian M Willis. “Child Prostitution: global health burden, research needs, and interventions.” The Lancet. April 20, 2002. Available online at

child prostitution, child sexual abuse, human rights violations, children's health

Brian Z. Tamanaha. "The Lessons of Law-and-Development Studies." The American Journal of International Law 89, no. 2 (1995): 470-486.

law and development, modernization theory, dependence theory, rights to development, international law, history of law and development

Brian Z. Tamanaha. On the Rule of Law: History, politics, theory. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

rule of law, historical origins of rule of law, formal theories, substantive theories, rule of law, not man, international law and national sovereignty

Brian Z. Tamanaha. “Lessons from studies on law and development.” G.V. Law Journal 5, no. 1 (2009).

modernization theory, dependency theory, right to development

Buhm S. Baek. “Economic Sanctions Against human rights Violations.” Cornell Law School Inter-University Graduate Student Conference Papers, (March) 2008.

human rights, human rights violation, economic sanctions, economic sanctions as an enforcement tool, economic sanctions to promote international law enforcement, economic sanctions and international human rights law, state sovereignty/authority

C. Denys. "The Development of Police Forces in Urban Europe in the Eighteenth Century." Journal of Urban History 36, no. 3 (2010): 332-344.

Europe history of criminal justice in Europe, police and policing

C. Emsley and B. Weinberger, eds. Policing Western Europe : Politics, Professionalism, and Public Order, 1850-1940. Contributions in criminology and penology. New York, Greenwood Press, 1991.

Europe development of the criminal justice system in Europe, police and policing

C. Emsley, E. Johnson, et al., eds. Social Control in Europe 1800-2000. History of Crime and Criminal Justice Series. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2004.

Europe development of the criminal justice system in Europe, police and policing

C. Emsley. Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

France, Europe development of the criminal justice system in Europe

C. J. Edwards. Changing Policing Theories for 21st Century Societies. Annandale, NSW: Federation Press, 2005.

ethics and crime prevention, policing theory, police and policing

C. K. Prahalad. The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty through Profits. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Pub., 2010.

poverty, poverty and economics

C. N. Musembi. "De Soto and Land Relations in Rural Africa: Breathing Life into Dead Theories about property rights." Third World Quarterly 28, no. 8 (2007): 1457-1478.

Africa colonial legacy, property rights, formal property rights, empowerment of the poor

C. Palit. "Short-Changing the Displaced: National Rehabilitation Policy." Economic and Political Weekly 39, no. 27 (2004): 2961-2963.

colonial legacy

C. Stone. “Crime, Justice Systems, and Development Assistance.” The World Bank Legal Review: Law, Equity, and Development, vol. 2. Ed. A. Palacio . Washington, DC: The World Bank (2006).

access to justice, criminal justice system accountability, World Bank intervention, crime and criminal justice

C. Tilly. Coercion, Capital, and European States, AD 990-1992. Cambridge, MA, Blackwell, 1992.

Europe state development, national development

C. Zimmerman, L. Kiss, M. Hossain, and C. Watts. Trafficking in persons: A health concern? Ciência and Saúde Coletiva 14, no. 4 (2009): 1029-1035.

public health

Campbell, Flynn, and Lower. “The Chicago Police-Report of the Chicago Service Commission.” Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology 3, no. 1 (1912): 64.

Chicago, United States, North America historical legal systems, police reform

Carl Zimmer. "Antiviral Drugs Could Blast the Common Cold-Should We Use Them?" April 19, 2012.

public health

Carol Graham. Private Markets for Public Goods: Raising the Stakes in Economic Reform. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press (1998).

market reforms and incentives and public goods, impact of poverty, economic reform

Caroline Moser and Dennis Rodgers. “Change, Violence and Insecurity in Non-Conflict Situations.” Overseas Development Institute Working Paper 245. March 2005. Web. Available online at

violence and insecurity, human security, social and state governance, migration/urbanization/globalization and violence and conflict

Caroline Sage and Michael Woolcock. "Legal Inequality Traps: New approaches to building justice systems for the poor in developing countries." Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 1707, 2007.

rule of law, justice sector reform, legal and judicial reform initiatives, law and the development movement

Caroline Sage, Nicholas Menzies, and Michael Woolcock. “Taking the Rules of the Game Seriously: Mainstreaming Justice in Development.” in Legal Empowerment: Practitioners’ Perspectives, Stephen Golub, ed. Rome, IT: International Development Law Organization, 2010: 19-38.

legal empowerment, mainstreaming socio-legal concerns, community-driven development, good governance, sustainable development, context-driven reform